The 1,000 Club: lifting the lid on the IP-owning elite

Having revealed the 100 largest patent owners last month, IAM and ktMINE have once again teamed up to bring you the ranking of every company that owns at least 1,000 US grants

This year marks the second annual IAM/ktMINE US Patent 1,000 Club analysis, which lists all entities owning at least 1,000 granted, in-force US patents. This data is collected and aggregated from ktMINE through its IP data and analytics platform. ktMINE gathers IP data from sources and regulatory bodies including the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), the USPTO, the EPO, WIPO, the System for Electronic Document Analysis and Retrieval, and the Public Access to Court Electronic Records, along with hundreds of news sources. It then links these datasets to form the most comprehensive repository of IP data available.

ktMINE’s technology cleanses hundreds of corporate data sources using algorithmic normalisation and clustering methods to consolidate entities. The company mapping processes more than 11.4 million corporate history records to determine the ultimate parent of each patent by leveraging SEC data and M&A information on company subsidiaries.

Who made the cut?

More than 367 entities – controlling more than 1.9 million patent assets – made our list in 2018. This included 33 new entrants, while 18 entities were dropped from the list. There are many reasons for these additions and subtractions, not least of which include substantial acquisitions and divestitures. Twenty entities saw no change in their position on the list, including those in the top five. Another 102 entities moved up the list, with the automotive and financial sectors well represented. The remaining 173 saw a drop in the rankings, with no industry in particular standing out.

A new norm for patent filings

The median granted patent portfolio is 2,242 patents, while the average for all of the top 1,000 exceeds 5,200 granted patents. The median number of patent applications filed in 2018 was 195. The top 10% of companies control more than 873,000 US patents and own more than 80% of all of the patents accounted for within the IAM/ktMINE US Patent 1,000. With patent filing rates ticking higher year on year and as more high-tech corporations mature into their respective markets, it is unsurprising to see an increasing number of companies exceeding 1,000 granted US patents as they expand their IP coverage. Outside of electronics and software, we are seeing more consumer products entities break into the list, with Electrolux, PepsiCo, Bose and Mattel marking their debut. Other notable names joining the ranks include Mazda, Tencent, Karsten Manufacturing and Silicon Laboratories. Year on year, the top 10 has stayed largely the same, with Toshiba being the one exception – the decline in its portfolio due to a recent divestiture of patent assets to Pangea KK.

Investigating industries

Electronics companies maintain the majority of patent assets in the top 1,000, with semiconductors and automotive rounding out the top three largest industries. Although there are 13 financial institutions represented, many companies assign the rights of patent assets to serve as collateral on loans, so assets held by financial entities may not necessarily reflect their direct innovation efforts. Accordingly, we might expect to see measurable IP turnover from the financial institutions year over year. We are seeing a few more research institutions creep into the top IP owners list, including the first entrant from India: the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research. Surprisingly, the largest research institutions listed are Asian-based non-profit research firms such as the Electronics and Telecommunications Institute in South Korea and the Industrial Technology and Research Institute based in Taiwan.

Figure 1. Industry representation

Breakdown by country

This list comprises corporations based in just 24 unique countries. Japanese entities alone control almost 500,000 US granted patents. About 18% of companies are based in Europe (249,000 assets), 31% are based in Asia (773,000 assets) and about 48% are located in North America (899,000 assets). Just three entities are located outside the top three major regions: Sabic Global, Saudi Aramco (both Saudi Arabia) and Absa Bank (South Africa).

Figure 2. Industry representation by country

Figure 3. Representation by country

Application activity on the rise

The following chart lists the entities with the highest ratios of applications to their granted patent portfolios. Pending patent applications indicate that a company has filed for a patent and is awaiting approval from the relevant patent office. Trends showing an increase in application activity relative to granted portfolio size suggest that the amount of capital that companies are investing in innovation is increasing. The highest ratio of application to granted patent portfolio is held by Tencent, a company that can boast more than 122% growth in patent applications over its granted patents. Out of the top 10 largest relative patent application portfolios, four entities are based in the United States: eBay, Salesforce, Johns Hopkins and Facebook. The average growth of apps to grants is 25%, and all the companies listed in the top 10 are growing their relative portfolios at more than double the average.

Table 1. High application activity

Entity

Grants

Apps

2018 Applications

Ratio of applications to grants

Ratio of 2018 publications to grants

Industry

Country

Region

Tencent Technology Company Ltd

1,330

1,622

513

122.0%

38.6%

Computing and software

CN

Asia

Ebay Inc

2,629

2,131

468

81.1%

17.8%

Computing and software

US

North America

Salesforce Com Inc

1,279

959

358

75.0%

28.0%

Computing and software

US

North America

BOE Technology Group Co Ltd

4,954

3,702

1,690

74.7%

34.1%

Electronics

CN

Asia

FANUC Corp

1,674

1,219

609

72.8%

36.4%

Computing and software

JP

Asia

The John Hopkins University

1,099

770

197

70.1%

17.9%

University/research institution

US

North America

Nestle SA

1,465

1,010

220

68.9%

15.0%

Consumer goods

CH

Europe

Saudi Arabian Oil Co

1,013

658

382

65.0%

37.7%

Energy

SA

Middle East

Huawei Technologies Co Ltd

10,782

6,968

2,728

64.6%

25.3%

Telecom

CN

Asia

Facebook Inc

3,845

2,423

839

63.0%

21.8%

Computing and software

US

North America

Table 2. Companies on the move

Entity

Grants

Apps

2018 applications

Ratio of applications to grants

Ratio of 2018 publications to grants

Industry

Country

Region

Tencent Technology Company Ltd

1,330

1,622

513

122.0%

38.6%

Computing and software

CN

Asia

Kia Motors Corp

1,952

1,199

743

61.4%

38.1%

Automotive

KR

Asia

Saudi Arabian Oil Co

1,013

658

382

65.0%

37.7%

Energy

SA

Middle East

FANUC Corp

1,674

1,219

609

72.8%

36.4%

Computing and software

JP

Asia

BOE Technology Group Co Ltd

4,954

3,702

1,690

74.7%

34.1%

Electronics

CN

Asia

Shenzhen Shenchao Technology Investment Co Ltd

3,205

1,752

907

54.7%

28.3%

Other

CN

Asia

Salesforce Com Inc

1,279

959

358

75.0%

28.0%

Computing and software

US

North America

Huawei Technologies Co Ltd

10,782

6,968

2,728

64.6%

25.3%

Telecom

CN

Asia

Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corp

1,151

368

252

32.0%

21.9%

Electronics

CN

Asia

Facebook Inc

3,845

2,423

839

63.0%

21.8%

Computing and software

US

North America

Volkswagen AG

1,249

575

253

46.0%

20.3%

Automotive

DE

Europe

Textron Inc

1,421

497

287

35.0%

20.2%

Industrial

US

North America

Skyworks Solutions Inc

1,281

483

257

37.7%

20.1%

Semiconductors

US

North America

Audi AG

1,277

523

244

41.0%

19.1%

Automotive

DE

Europe

Haier US Appliance Solutions Inc

1,394

664

263

47.6%

18.9%

Consumer goods

US

North America

Companies on the move in 2018

These are companies that published a large portion of their entire patent portfolio in 2018; we would expect such companies to see sizeable growth in granted patents in the coming years. It is clear that they have made filing patent applications a priority in their business strategy; some of these entities did not appear on the top 1,000 last year at all (eg, Tencent and Semiconductor Manufacturing International).

To create this list, ktMINE analysed patent publications to determine granted and pending patent applications in good standing with the USPTO. Granted patent data includes utility patents along with design and plant patents. Patents and applications that have expired, been abandoned or are otherwise unmaintained are excluded from this dataset. The data pulled for this publication is current as of 1 January 2019. ktMINE technology aggregates each granted patent and application owner to a corporate tree in order to create the most up-to-date, accurate and complete snapshot of each company’s patent portfolio. Each entity is designated by the location of its corporate headquarters for supplementary analysis. In addition, we include the ratio of patent application activity to consider the rate of an entity’s innovation. These are based upon each entity’s patent publication activity in 2018 relative to its overall portfolio of granted patents.

Table 3. Top 1,000 2019

Entity

Grants

Apps

2018 applications

Ratio of applications to grants

Ratio of 2018 publications to grants

Industry

Country

Region

Samsung Electronics Co Ltd

87,102

25,601

7,192

29.4%

8.3%

Electronics

KR

Asia

International Business Machines Corp

61,795

21,320

8,425

34.5%

13.6%

Computing and software

US

North America

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha

41,755

8,815

3,245

21.1%

7.8%

Electronics

JP

Asia

Microsoft Corp

35,813

11,216

3,054

31.3%

8.5%

Computing and software

US

North America

Intel Corp

34,288

7,544

3,149

22.0%

9.2%

Semiconductors

US

North America

LG Electronics Inc

33,111

8,864

3,829

26.8%

11.6%

Electronics

KR

Asia

Sony Corp

30,188

7,325

2,302

24.3%

7.6%

Electronics

JP

Asia

Panasonic Corp

27,686

5,753

1,746

20.8%

6.3%

Electronics

JP

Asia

Alphabet Inc

26,472

5,862

1,735

22.1%

6.6%

Computing and software

US

North America

Hitachi Ltd

25,435

5,988

1,634

23.5%

6.4%

Electronics

JP

Asia

Qualcomm Inc

25,058

7,507

2,492

30.0%

9.9%

Semiconductors

US

North America

General Electric Co

22,747

7,666

2,540

33.7%

11.2%

Conglomerate

US

North America

Fujitsu Ltd

21,714

5,937

1,526

27.3%

7.0%

Computing and software

JP

Asia

Table 3. Top 1,000 2019 (continued)

Entity

Grants

Apps

2018 applications

Ratio of applications to grants

Ratio of 2018 publications to grants

Industry

Country

Region

Samsung Electronics Co Ltd

87,102

25,601

7,192

29.4%

8.3%

Electronics

KR

Asia

International Business Machines Corp

61,795

21,320

8,425

34.5%

13.6%

Computing and software

US

North America

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha

41,755

8,815

3,245

21.1%

7.8%

Electronics

JP

Asia

Microsoft Corp

35,813

11,216

3,054

31.3%

8.5%

Computing and software

US

North America

Intel Corp

34,288

7,544

3,149

22.0%

9.2%

Semiconductors

US

North America

LG Electronics Inc

33,111

8,864

3,829

26.8%

11.6%

Electronics

KR

Asia

Sony Corp

30,188

7,325

2,302

24.3%

7.6%

Electronics

JP

Asia

Panasonic Corp

27,686

5,753

1,746

20.8%

6.3%

Electronics

JP

Asia

Alphabet Inc

26,472

5,862

1,735

22.1%

6.6%

Computing and software

US

North America

Hitachi Ltd

25,435

5,988

1,634

23.5%

6.4%

Electronics

JP

Asia

Qualcomm Inc

25,058

7,507

2,492

30.0%

9.9%

Semiconductors

US

North America

General Electric Co

22,747

7,666

2,540

33.7%

11.2%

Conglomerate

US

North America

Fujitsu Ltd

21,714

5,937

1,526

27.3%

7.0%

Computing and software

JP

Asia

Fujifilm Corp

20,169

4,654

1,549

23.1%

7.7%

Imaging/printing

JP

Asia

Toshiba Corp

19,781

6,980

1,682

35.3%

8.5%

Electronics

JP

Asia

Seiko Epson Corp

19,751

3,792

1,420

19.2%

7.2%

Imaging/printing

JP

Asia

Avago Technologies General IP Pte Ltd

19,688

1,415

177

7.2%

0.9%

Semiconductors

SG

Asia

Mitsubishi Corp

18,803

5,268

1,793

28.0%

9.5%

Conglomerate

JP

Asia

Apple Inc

18,617

4,952

1,626

26.6%

8.7%

Electronics

US

North America

Nokia OYJ

17,693

4,753

815

26.9%

4.6%

Telecom

FI

Europe

Siemens AG

16,982

4,965

1,213

29.2%

7.1%

Conglomerate

DE

Europe

Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd

16,541

2,537

1,360

15.3%

8.2%

Semiconductors

TW

Asia

General Motors Co

16,420

2,699

1,128

16.4%

6.9%

Automotive

US

North America

Ricoh Company Ltd

15,832

1,644

323

10.4%

2.0%

Electronics

JP

Asia

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha

15,486

5,145

2,347

33.2%

15.2%

Automotive

JP

Asia

Medtronic PLC

15,430

4,229

1,183

27.4%

7.7%

Medical/pharma

US

North America

Texas Instruments Inc

15,140

1,854

621

12.2%

4.1%

Semiconductors

US

North America

Hon Hai Precision Industry Co Ltd

14,765

2,752

412

18.6%

2.8%

Electronics

TW

Asia

Oracle Corp

14,704

2,329

633

15.8%

4.3%

Computing and software

US

North America

Micron Technology Inc

14,491

746

243

5.1%

1.7%

Semiconductors

US

North America

Hewlett-Packard Development Company LP

14,413

3,180

937

22.1%

6.5%

Computing and software

US

North America

Dow Dupont

14,193

3,982

1,017

28.1%

7.2%

Chemicals

US

North America

Honeywell International Inc

13,852

2,835

923

20.5%

6.7%

Conglomerate

US

North America

Honda Motor Co Ltd

13,770

2,060

935

15.0%

6.8%

Automotive

JP

Asia

Ford Motor Co

13,764

3,881

1,887

28.2%

13.7%

Automotive

US

North America

Cisco Systems Inc

13,639

1,761

757

12.9%

5.6%

Telecom

US

North America

Globalfoundries Inc

13,566

1,144

300

8.4%

2.2%

Semiconductors

US

North America

AT&T Inc

13,263

2,405

1,008

18.1%

7.6%

Telecom

US

North America

Dell Inc

13,179

2,590

1,029

19.7%

7.8%

Computing and software

US

North America

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson

13,145

3,808

1,360

29.0%

10.3%

Telecom

SE

Europe

Robert Bosch Gmbh

13,084

3,843

1,159

29.4%

8.9%

Automotive

DE

Europe

United Technologies Corp

13,083

5,845

1,895

44.7%

14.5%

Conglomerate

US

North America

Intellectual Ventures

11,830

1,702

234

14.4%

2.0%

Other

US

North America

Denso Corp

11,776

2,449

980

20.8%

8.3%

Automotive

JP

Asia

Western Digital Corp

11,636

982

424

8.4%

3.6%

Electronics

US

North America

Xerox Corp

11,608

1,014

205

8.7%

1.8%

Imaging/printing

US

North America

Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha

11,502

2,804

894

24.4%

7.8%

Electronics

JP

Asia

Koninklijke Philips NV

11,443

5,487

1,235

48.0%

10.8%

Electronics

NL

Europe

Renesas Electronics Corp

11,283

1,419

585

12.6%

5.2%

Semiconductors

JP

Asia

NEC Corp

10,872

3,819

1,042

35.1%

9.6%

Computing and software

JP

Asia

Huawei Technologies Co Ltd

10,782

6,968

2,728

64.6%

25.3%

Telecom

CN

Asia

Boeing Co

10,746

2,506

1,037

23.3%

9.7%

Aerospace and defence

US

North America

Infineon Technologies AG

10,728

1,552

577

14.5%

5.4%

Semiconductors

DE

Europe

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha

10,710

964

551

9.0%

5.1%

Imaging/printing

JP

Asia

SK Group

10,600

1,873

728

17.7%

6.9%

Conglomerate

KR

Asia

Johnson & Johnson

10,138

3,035

871

29.9%

8.6%

Medical/pharma

US

North America

NXP BV

9,881

1,101

329

11.1%

3.3%

Semiconductors

NL

Europe

JPMorgan Chase Bank NA

9,565

2,510

834

26.2%

8.7%

Financial institution

US

North America

Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co Ltd

9,481

1,606

513

16.9%

5.4%

Semiconductors

JP

Asia

Blackberry Ltd

9,218

1,129

240

12.2%

2.6%

Telecom

CA

North America

Amazon Com Inc

9,112

1,500

602

16.5%

6.6%

Electronics

US

North America

Table 3. Top 1,000 2019 (continued)

Entity

Grants

Apps

2018 applications

Ratio of applications to grants

Ratio of 2018 publications to grants

Industry

Country

Region

Boston Scientific Corp

9,109

2,436

665

26.7%

7.3%

Electronics

US

North America

Abbott Laboratories

8,567

2,324

548

27.1%

6.4%

Medical/pharma

US

North America

Bayer Intellectual Property Gmbh

8,501

1,802

470

21.2%

5.5%

Medical/pharma

DE

Europe

Procter & Gamble Co

8,446

3,199

791

37.9%

9.4%

Consumer goods

US

North America

STMicroelectronics NV

8,388

1,073

565

12.8%

6.7%

Semiconductors

CH

Europe

Sumitomo Electric Industries Ltd

8.279

2,300

934

27.8%

11.3%

Electronics

JP

Asia

3M Co

8,096

2,608

676

32.2%

8.3%

Conglomerate

US

North America

LG Display Co Ltd

7,950

1,329

750

16.7%

9.4%

Electronics

KR

Asia

Kyocera Corp

7,926

1,913

838

24.1%

10.6%

Electronics

JP

Asia

Hewlett Packard Enterprise Development LP

7,895

2,071

670

26.2%

8.5%

Computing and software

US

North America

Schlumberger Technology Corp

7,703

2,616

607

34.0%

7.9%

Energy

US

North America

Konica Minolta Inc

7,686

1,661

613

21.6%

8.0%

Imaging/printing

JP

Asia

Marvell Technology Group Ltd

7,680

280

84

3.6%

1.1%

Semiconductors

BM

North America

Olympus Corp

7,610

2,470

849

32.5%

11.2%

Imaging/printing

JP

Asia

Murata Manufacturing Co Ltd

6,591

1,705

745

25.9%

11.3%

Semiconductors

JP

Asia

Verizon Communications Inc

6,570

2,095

287

31.9%

4.4%

Telecom

US

North America

Hyundai Motor Co

6,510

2,199

638

33.8%

9.8%

Automotive

KR

Asia

Nike Inc

6,291

1,106

390

17.6%

6.2%

Consumer goods

US

North America

Applied Materials Inc

6,225

2,017

677

32.4%

10.9%

Semiconductors

US

North America

Airbus Group SE

6,220

1,759

506

28.3%

8.1%

Aerospace and defence

NL

Europe

Advanced Micro Devices Inc

6,103

558

179

9.1%

2.9%

Semiconductors

US

North America

SAP SE

6,052

2,356

645

38.9%

10.7%

Computing and software

DE

Europe

BASF SE

6,019

2,546

589

42.3%

9.8%

Chemicals

DE

Europe

Halliburton Co

5,903

2,521

948

42.7%

16.1%

Energy

US

North America

Electronics And Telecommunications Research Institute

5,844

2,781

510

47.6%

8.7%

University/research institution

KR

Asia

Pangea KK

5,714

771

400

13.5%

7.0%

Other

JP

Asia

Seagate Technology International

5,676

479

164

8.4%

2.9%

Electronics

IE

Europe

Caterpillar Inc

5,569

1,961

421

35.2%

7.6%

Industrial

US

North America

TDK Corp

5,363

1,052

459

19.6%

8.6%

Electronics

JP

Asia

On Semiconductor Corp

5,229

376

167

7.2%

3.2%

Semiconductors

US

North America

Bank of America

5,197

2,171

484

41.8%

9.3%

Financial institution

US

North America

Tokyo Electron Ltd

5,044

1,440

478

28.5%

9.5%

Semiconductors

JP

Asia

Asm International NV

4,974

759

352

15.3%

7.1%

Semiconductors

NL

Europe

BOE Technology Group Co Ltd

4,954

3,702

1,690

74.7%

34.1%

Electronics

CN

Asia

Merck & Co Inc

4,894

1,510

418

30.9%

8.5%

Medical/pharma

US

North America

Industrial Technology Research Institute

4,881

962

302

19.7%

6.2%

University/research institution

TW

Asia

Nissan Motor Co Ltd

4,782

730

320

15.3%

6.7%

Automotive

JP

Asia

Danaher Corp

4,759

928

253

19.5%

5.3%

Conglomerate

US

North America

Lenovo Group Ltd

4,742

1,450

317

30.6%

6.7%

Electronics

HK

Asia

Sprint Corp

4,702

53

25

1.1%

0.5%

Telecom

US

North America

Baker Hughes Inc

4,657

1,163

357

25.0%

7.7%

Energy

US

North America

Mediatek Inc

4,571

1,466

511

32.1%

11.2%

Semiconductors

TW

Asia

Continental AG

4,554

1,272

420

27.9%

9.2%

Automotive

DE

Europe

F Hoffmann-La Roche AG

4,515

2,087

596

46.2%

13.2%

Medical/pharma

CH

Europe

Corning Inc

4,512

1,518

527

33.6%

11.7%

Chemicals

US

North America

Yamaha Corp

4,412

502

266

11.4%

6.0%

Automotive

JP

Asia

Stanley Black & Decker Inc

4,387

591

176

13.5%

4.0%

Consumer goods

US

North America

The Regents of the University of California

4,373

2,174

657

49.7%

15.0%

University/research institution

US

North America

Raytheon Co

4,313

603

247

14.0%

5.7%

Aerospace and defence

US

North America

Abb Asea Brown Boveri Ltd

4,024

994

299

24.7%

7.4%

Electronics

CH

Europe

Parker Hannifin Corp

4,019

768

210

19.1%

5.2%

Industrial

US

North America

Emerson Electric Co

3,928

836

290

21.3%

7.4%

Energy

US

North America

Eastman Kodak Co

3,927

265

52

6.7%

1.3%

Imaging/printing

US

North America

Facebook Inc

3,845

2,423

839

63.0%

21.8%

Computing and software

US

North America

Aisin Seiki Kabushiki Kaisha

3,841

837

353

21.8%

9.2%

Automotive

JP

Asia

AU Optronics Corp

3,833

377

109

9.8%

2.8%

Electronics

TW

Asia

Becton Dickinson and Co

3,805

1,246

329

32.7%

8.6%

Medical/pharma

US

North America

Lockheed Martin Corp

3,709

772

250

20.8%

6.7%

Aerospace and defence

US

North America

Illinois Tool Works Inc

3,681

1,142

316

31.0%

8.6%

Industrial

US

North America

Carl Zeiss AG

3,663

942

278

25.7%

7.6%

Imaging/printing

DE

Europe

Bridgestone Corp

3,647

1,030

303

28.2%

8.3%

Automotive

JP

Asia

Table 3. Top 1,000 2019 (continued)

Entity

Grants

Apps

2018 applications

Ratio of applications to grants

Ratio of 2018 publications to grants

Industry

Country

Region

Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc

3,624

1,123

296

31.0%

8.2%

Medical/pharma

US

North America

Exxon Mobil Corp

3,514

722

319

20.5%

9.1%

Energy

US

North America

Yazaki Corp

3,513

819

295

23.3%

8.4%

Automotive

JP

Asia

Nikon Corp

3,505

822

282

23.5%

8.0%

Imaging/printing

JP

Asia

Masco Corp

3,488

119

49

3.4%

1.4%

Industrial

US

North America

TE Connectivity Ltd

3,456

514

189

14.9%

5.5%

Electronics

CH

Europe

Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corp

3,450

1,070

367

31.0%

10.6%

Telecom

JP

Asia

Commscope Holding Co Inc

3,449

539

289

15.6%

8.4%

Telecom

US

North America

United Microelectronics Corp

3,436

375

130

10.9%

3.8%

Electronics

TW

Asia

Interdigital Inc

3,425

888

227

25.9%

6.6%

Telecom

US

North America

Adobe Systems Inc

3,391

954

300

28.1%

8.8%

Imaging/printing

US

North America

Deere & Co

3,370

617

294

18.3%

8.7%

Consumer goods

US

North America

Japan Display

3,325

1,055

493

31.7%

14.8%

Electronics

JP

Asia

Nvidia Corp

3,305

545

71

16.5%

2.1%

Semiconductors

US

North America

Safran

3,295

1,102

451

33.4%

13.7%

Aerospace and defence

FR

Europe

Analog Devices Inc

3,284

368

144

11.2%

4.4%

Electronics

US

North America

Xilinx Inc

3,255

33

20

1.0%

0.6%

Semiconductors

US

North America

Novartis AG

3,247

1,236

373

38.1%

11.5%

Medical/pharma

CH

Europe

Motorola Solutions Inc

3,245

332

99

10.2%

3.1%

Telecom

US

North America

Whirlpool Corp

3,227

753

254

23.3%

7.9%

Consumer goods

US

North America

Shenzhen Shenchao Technology Investment Co Ltd

3,205

1,752

907

54.7%

28.3%

Other

CN

Asia

Man SE

3,147

783

288

24.9%

9.2%

Automotive

DE

Europe

Stryker Corp

3,123

847

287

27.1%

9.2%

Medical/pharma

US

North America

Commissariat A Lenergie Atomique Et Aux Energies Alternatives

3,098

1,064

284

34.3%

9.2%

Energy

FR

Europe

Lam Research Corp

3,084

608

223

19.7%

7.2%

Semiconductors

US

North America

Osram Gmbh

3,066

897

363

29.3%

11.8%

Semiconductors

DE

Europe

Shin-Etsu Chemical Co Ltd

3,028

766

282

25.3%

9.3%

Chemicals

JP

Asia

ZTE Corp

2,919

1,477

344

50.6%

11.8%

Telecom

CN

Asia

Cortland Capital Market Services LLC

2,881

177

6

6.1%

0.2%

Financial institution

US

North America

International Game Technology PLC

2,853

286

76

10.0%

2.7%

Entertainment

IT

Europe

Rolls-Royce PLC

2,851

1,416

482

49.7%

16.9%

Automotive

GB

Europe

Wells Fargo & Co

2,780

649

181

23.3%

6.5%

Financial institution

US

North America

Rohm Co Ltd

2,763

525

223

19.0%

8.1%

Semiconductors

JP

Asia

Jefferies Financial Group

2,753

223

12

8.1%

0.4%

Financial institution

US

North America

Zimmer Biomet Holdings Inc

2,699

555

138

20.6%

5.1%

Medical/pharma

US

North America

Macronix International Co Ltd

2,663

154

48

5.8%

1.8%

Semiconductors

TW

Asia

Kimberly-Clark Worldwide Inc

2,649

461

99

17.4%

3.7%

Consumer goods

US

North America

eBay Inc

2,629

2,131

468

81.1%

17.8%

Computing and software

US

North America

Cypress Semiconductor Corp

2,620

198

73

7.6%

2.8%

Semiconductors

US

North America

Juniper Networks Inc

2,600

215

111

8.3%

4.3%

Computing and software

US

North America

Johnson Controls Inc

2,574

928

316

36.1%

12.3%

Industrial

US

North America

Technicolor SA

2,568

1,129

247

44.0%

9.6%

Other

FR

Europe

Sanyo Electric Co Ltd

2,541

432

53

17.0%

2.1%

Electronics

JP

Asia

Citigroup Inc

2,511

544

52

21.7%

2.1%

Financial institution

US

North America

Newell Rubbermaid Inc

2,484

220

46

8.9%

1.9%

Consumer goods

US

North America

Sanofi-Aventis

2,462

1,000

241

40.6%

9.8%

Medical/pharma

FR

Europe

Delta Electronics Inc

2,417

513

176

21.2%

7.3%

Electronics

TW

Asia

Nuance Communications Inc

2,404

303

52

12.6%

2.2%

Telecom

US

North America

Daimler AG

2,402

446

45

18.6%

1.9%

Automotive

DE

Europe

Northrop Grumman Corp

2,392

169

36

7.1%

1.5%

Aerospace and defence

US

North America

Goodyear Tire & Rubber

2,381

247

74

10.4%

3.1%

Automotive

US

North America

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2,371

1,105

335

46.6%

14.1%

University/research institution

US

North America

Bayerische Motoren Werke AG

2,361

852

330

36.1%

14.0%

Automotive

DE

Europe

Delphi Automotive PLC

2,354

283

47

12.0%

2.0%

Automotive

GB

Europe

Symantec Corp

2,337

93

21

4.0%

0.9%

Computing and software

US

North America

US Navy

2,325

362

127

15.6%

5.5%

Other

US

North America

Casio Computer Co Ltd

2,308

680

289

29.5%

12.5%

Electronics

JP

Asia

Oki Electric Industry Co Ltd

2,295

257

82

11.2%

3.6%

Electronics

JP

Asia

Table 3. Top 1,000 2019 (continued)

Entity

Grants

Apps

2018 applications

Ratio of applications to grants

Ratio of 2018 publications to grants

Industry

Country

Region

FCA US LLC

2,278

90

12

4.0%

0.5%

Automotive

US

North America

Syngenta AG

2,263

371

111

16.4%

4.9%

Chemicals

CH

Europe

Hoya Corp

2,253

274

79

12.2%

3.5%

Industrial

JP

Asia

Nitto Denko Corp

2,242

1,186

167

52.9%

7.4%

Chemicals

JP

Asia

Wistron Corp

2,215

378

80

17.1%

3.6%

Electronics

TW

Asia

Komatsu Ltd

2,185

446

224

20.4%

10.3%

Industrial

JP

Asia

Cree Inc

2,174

290

61

13.3%

2.8%

Electronics

US

North America

Schaeffler Technologies AG

2,122

602

224

28.4%

10.6%

Automotive

DE

Europe

Omron Corp

2,120

780

361

36.8%

17.0%

Electronics

JP

Asia

Bristol-Myers Squibb Co

2,109

376

144

17.8%

6.8%

Medical/pharma

US

North America

Synopsys Inc

2,105

261

74

12.4%

3.5%

Electronics

US

North America

Harris Corp

2,099

97

41

4.6%

2.0%

Other

US

North America

Fuji Electric Co Ltd

2,096

558

254

26.6%

12.1%

Energy

JP

Asia

Scientific Games Corp

2,094

284

22

13.6%

1.1%

Electronics

US

North America

Fila Korea Ltd

2,090

264

112

12.6%

5.4%

Consumer goods

KR

Asia

Innolux Corp

2,080

476

154

22.9%

7.4%

Electronics

TW

Asia

Xperi Corporation

2,080

178

70

8.6%

3.4%

Electronics

US

North America

Sumitomo Chemical Co Ltd

2,076

702

200

33.8%

9.6%

Chemicals

JP

Asia

Funai Electric Co

2,072

329

34

15.9%

1.6%

Energy

JP

Asia

Battelle Memorial Institute

2,059

635

217

30.8%

10.5%

University/research institution

US

North America

CNH Industrial Group

2,050

512

272

25.0%

13.3%

Industrial

NL

Europe

Henkel AG & Co Kgaa

2,046

977

268

47.8%

13.1%

Consumer goods

DE

Europe

Omega Credit Opportunities Master Fund LP

2,037

123

0

6.0%

0.0%

Other

KY

North America

Kohler Co

1,962

157

63

8.0%

3.2%

Consumer goods

US

North America

Rockwell Automation Inc

1,953

339

103

17.4%

5.3%

Industrial

US

North America

Kia Motors Corp

1,952

1,199

743

61.4%

38.1%

Automotive

KR

Asia

Sabic Global Technologies BV

1,948

791

268

40.6%

13.8%

Energy

SA

Middle East

Kla-Tencor Corp

1,941

380

135

19.6%

7.0%

Automotive

US

North America

Netapp Inc

1,940

484

97

24.9%

5.0%

Computing and software

US

North America

Centurylink Inc

1,926

361

118

18.7%

6.1%

Telecom

US

North America

Goldman Sachs Group Inc

1,896

375

19

19.8%

1.0%

Financial institution

US

North America

Socionext Inc

1,884

107

37

5.7%

2.0%

Electronics

JP

Asia

Shell Oil Co

1,874

669

159

35.7%

8.5%

Energy

US

North America

Ecolab Inc

1,874

542

182

28.9%

9.7%

Other

US

North America

Thales SA

1,861

473

141

25.4%

7.6%

Industrial

FR

Europe

Chevron Corp

1,852

403

91

21.8%

4.9%

Energy

US

North America

California Institute Of Technology

1,811

536

149

29.6%

8.2%

University/research institution

US

North America

Pfizer Inc

1,808

739

110

40.9%

6.1%

Medical/pharma

US

North America

NGK Insulators Ltd

1,804

495

144

27.4%

8.0%

Industrial

JP

Asia

Board of Regents the University of Texas System

1,803

1,040

275

57.7%

15.3%

University/research institution

US

North America

Walt Disney Co

1,798

432

133

24.0%

7.4%

Entertainment

US

North America

Nintendo Co Ltd

1,770

376

114

21.2%

6.4%

Entertainment

JP

Asia

Boehringer Ingelheim International Gmbh

1,767

445

130

25.2%

7.4%

Medical/pharma

DE

Europe

The Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University

1,766

778

212

44.1%

12.0%

University/research institution

US

North America

Via Technologies Inc

1,764

94

19

5.3%

1.1%

Semiconductors

TW

Asia

Monterey Research LLC

1,758

8

2

0.5%

0.1%

Other

US

North America

Polaris Innovations Ltd

1,757

3

0

0.2%

0.0%

Electronics

US

North America

HTC Corp

1,754

492

171

28.1%

9.7%

Electronics

TW

Asia

Asahi Kasei Corp

1,742

528

120

30.3%

6.9%

Chemicals

JP

Asia

Cadence Design Systems Inc

1,738

11

1

0.6%

0.1%

Electronics

US

North America

JTEKT Corp

1,727

436

164

25.2%

9.5%

Industrial

JP

Asia

Valeo

1,724

949

324

55.0%

18.8%

Automotive

FR

Europe

Daikin Industries Ltd

1,724

511

145

29.6%

8.4%

Industrial

JP

Asia

Arm Ltd

1,720

479

232

27.8%

13.5%

Semiconductors

GB

Europe

Excalibur IP LLC

1,712

461

30

26.9%

1.8%

Other

US

North America

Colgate Palmolive Co

1,705

573

152

33.6%

8.9%

Consumer goods

US

North America

Schneider Electric Ind Sas

1,705

409

113

24.0%

6.6%

Energy

FR

Europe

Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation

1,702

466

155

27.4%

9.1%

University/research institution

US

North America

Table 3. Top 1,000 2019 (continued)

Entity

Grants

Apps

2018 applications

Ratio of applications to grants

Ratio of 2018 publications to grants

Industry

Country

Region

Svb Financial Group

1,696

442

53

26.1%

3.1%

Financial institution

US

North America

Rambus Inc

1,683

258

127

15.3%

7.5%

Other

US

North America

Veritas Technologies LLC

1,676

63

16

3.8%

1.0%

Computing and software

US

North America

Fanuc Corp

1,674

1,219

609

72.8%

36.4%

Computing and software

JP

Asia

Centre National De La Recherche Scientifique

1,674

915

313

54.7%

18.7%

University/research institution

FR

Europe

Stats Chippac Ltd

1,670

109

21

6.5%

1.3%

Semiconductors

SG

Asia

Nidec Corp

1,669

577

246

34.6%

14.7%

Electronics

JP

Asia

Koch Industries Inc

1,665

220

80

13.2%

4.8%

Energy

US

North America

Bae Systems PLC

1,664

361

125

21.7%

7.5%

Aerospace and defence

GB

Europe

Magna International Inc

1,650

639

209

38.7%

12.7%

Automotive

CA

North America

Kao Corp

1,644

349

111

21.2%

6.8%

Consumer goods

JP

Asia

Microchip Technology Inc

1,641

154

36

9.4%

2.2%

Semiconductors

US

North America

L’Oréal

1,637

1,029

236

62.9%

14.4%

Consumer goods

FR

Europe

Porsche Family

1,636

307

161

18.8%

9.8%

Automotive

DE

Europe

Compagnie Generale Des Etablissements Michelin

1,633

740

178

45.3%

10.9%

Automotive

FR

Europe

Eaton Corp PLC

1,626

415

199

25.5%

12.2%

Energy

IE

Europe

Accenture PLC

1,608

656

195

40.8%

12.1%

Other

IE

Europe

Cook Group Inc

1,595

576

177

36.1%

11.1%

Medical/pharma

US

North America

Deutsche Bank

1,594

432

105

27.1%

6.6%

Financial institution

DE

Europe

Rag AG

1,587

482

105

30.4%

6.6%

Energy

DE

Europe

Weatherford Technology Holdings LLC

1,579

331

97

21.0%

6.1%

Energy

US

North America

Volvo AB

1,578

442

156

28.0%

9.9%

Automotive

DE

Europe

Dolby Laboratories Inc

1,574

431

226

27.4%

14.4%

Consumer goods

US

North America

Saint-Gobain Glass France

1,571

725

196

46.1%

12.5%

Chemicals

FR

Europe

Ciena Corp

1,567

124

62

7.9%

4.0%

Medical/pharma

US

North America

Furukawa Electric Co Ltd

1,555

373

112

24.0%

7.2%

Energy

JP

Asia

Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corp

1,552

737

245

47.5%

15.8%

Industrial

JP

Asia

Shimano Inc

1,548

304

162

19.6%

10.5%

Consumer goods

JP

Asia

Lapis Semiconductor Co Ltd

1,529

135

64

8.8%

4.2%

Semiconductors

JP

Asia

Borgwarner Inc

1,526

539

164

35.3%

10.7%

Automotive

US

North America

Allergan PLC

1,512

473

68

31.3%

4.5%

Medical/pharma

IE

Europe

Kobe Steel Ltd

1,508

555

169

36.8%

11.2%

Industrial

JP

Asia

Abbvie Inc

1,507

473

106

31.4%

7.0%

Medical/pharma

US

North America

PNC Financial Services Group Inc

1,499

207

22

13.8%

1.5%

Financial institution

US

North America

Cummins Inc

1,488

392

162

26.3%

10.9%

Energy

US

North America

Berkshire Hathaway Inc

1,471

476

131

32.4%

8.9%

Conglomerate

US

North America

Nestlé SA

1,465

1,010

220

68.9%

15.0%

Consumer goods

CH

Europe

Atmel Corp

1,457

106

14

7.3%

1.0%

Semiconductors

US

North America

Conversant Intellectual Property Management Inc

1,446

127

20

8.8%

1.4%

Other

CA

North America

Comcast Corp

1,444

675

208

46.7%

14.4%

Telecom

US

North America

Antec Corp

1,442

301

92

20.9%

6.4%

Electronics

US

North America

JVC Kenwood Corp

1,435

205

74

14.3%

5.2%

Electronics

JP

Asia

Xiaomi Inc

1,427

796

231

55.8%

16.2%

Electronics

CN

Asia

Round Rock Research LLC

1,424

16

0

1.1%

0.0%

Other

US

North America

Textron Inc

1,421

497

287

35.0%

20.2%

Industrial

US

North America

Callaway Golf Co

1,419

43

28

3.0%

2.0%

Consumer goods

US

North America

Lexmark International Inc

1,415

107

18

7.6%

1.3%

Imaging/printing

US

North America

Memjet Technology Ltd

1,411

54

28

3.8%

2.0%

Imaging/printing

US

North America

SC Johnson & Son Inc

1,410

106

21

7.5%

1.5%

Consumer goods

US

North America

Kawasaki Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha

1,403

364

168

25.9%

12.0%

Industrial

JP

Asia

Toyoda Gosei Co Ltd

1,402

241

107

17.2%

7.6%

Industrial

JP

Asia

Realtek Semiconductor Corp

1,399

159

71

11.4%

5.1%

Semiconductors

TW

Asia

Finisar Corp

1,399

86

34

6.1%

2.4%

Telecom

US

North America

NTN Corp

1,395

367

139

26.3%

10.0%

Industrial

JP

Asia

Haier US Appliance Solutions Inc

1,394

664

263

47.6%

18.9%

Consumer goods

US

North America

US Department of Health and Human Services

1,390

524

75

37.7%

5.4%

University/research institution

US

North America

CA Inc

1,359

468

187

34.4%

13.8%

Computing and software

US

North America

Mitsui Chemicals Inc

1,358

469

105

34.5%

7.7%

Chemicals

JP

Asia

Microsemi Corp

1,355

65

13

4.8%

1.0%

Semiconductors

US

North America

Table 3. Top 1,000 2019 (continued)

Entity

Grants

Apps

2018 applications

Ratio of applications to grants

Ratio of 2018 publications to grants

Industry

Country

Region

Unilever NV

1,352

466

117

34.5%

8.7%

Consumer goods

NL

Europe

Dai Nippon Printing Co Ltd

1,346

330

100

24.5%

7.4%

Imaging/printing

JP

Asia

Ingersoll Rand PLC

1,344

468

146

34.8%

10.9%

Industrial

IE

Europe

Advantest Corp

1,333

137

34

10.3%

2.6%

Electronics

JP

Asia

Tencent Technology Company Ltd

1,330

1,622

513

122.0%

38.6%

Computing and software

CN

Asia

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaf

1,318

642

211

48.7%

16.0%

University/research institution

DE

Europe

Aecom

1,309

300

81

22.9%

6.2%

Industrial

US

North America

Toray Industries Inc

1,303

761

217

58.4%

16.7%

Chemicals

JP

Asia

Mahle International Gmbh

1,299

560

153

43.1%

11.8%

Automotive

DE

Europe

Avaya Inc

1,299

154

21

11.9%

1.6%

Telecom

US

North America

Skyworks Solutions Inc

1,281

483

257

37.7%

20.1%

Semiconductors

US

North America

Absa Bank Ltd

1,281

200

22

15.6%

1.7%

Financial institution

ZA

Africa

NGK Spark Plug Co Ltd

1,280

233

97

18.2%

7.6%

Industrial

JP

Asia

Salesforce Com Inc

1,279

959

358

75.0%

28.0%

Computing and software

US

North America

Longitude Semiconductor Sarl

1,279

33

0

2.6%

0.0%

Semiconductors

LU

Europe

GlaxoSmithKline PLC

1,278

608

127

47.6%

9.9%

Medical/pharma

GB

Europe

Audi AG

1,277

523

244

41.0%

19.1%

Automotive

DE

Europe

Autoliv Inc

1,270

162

83

12.8%

6.5%

Automotive

SE

Europe

Sumitomo Metal Mining Co Ltd

1,266

366

115

28.9%

9.1%

Industrial

JP

Asia

Shimadzu Corp

1,253

496

218

39.6%

17.4%

Industrial

JP

Asia

Volkswagen AG

1,249

575

253

46.0%

20.3%

Automotive

DE

Europe

Sandvik Ab

1,248

296

74

23.7%

5.9%

Industrial

SE

Europe

Inventec Corp

1,245

421

87

33.8%

7.0%

Electronics

TW

Asia

Nichia Corp

1,232

359

205

29.1%

16.6%

Chemicals

JP

Asia

Terumo Corp

1,225

746

192

60.9%

15.7%

Medical/pharma

JP

Asia

Hamamatsu Photonics KK

1,225

259

108

21.1%

8.8%

Imaging/printing

JP

Asia

Smith & Nephew Inc

1,218

421

142

34.6%

11.7%

Medical/pharma

GB

Europe

Baxter International Inc

1,218

283

68

23.2%

5.6%

Medical/pharma

US

North America

Agilent Technologies Inc

1,218

271

27

22.2%

2.2%

Computing and software

US

North America

DSM IP Assets BV

1,215

692

150

57.0%

12.3%

Chemicals

NL

Europe

NCR Corp

1,215

411

91

33.8%

7.5%

Electronics

US

North America

Dover Corp

1,211

244

78

20.1%

6.4%

Industrial

US

North America

Citrix Systems Inc

1,197

256

100

21.4%

8.4%

Computing and software

US

North America

Target Corp

1,187

102

26

8.6%

2.2%

Consumer goods

US

North America

Hubbell Inc

1,182

285

125

24.1%

10.6%

Industrial

US

North America

Wilmington Trust National Association

1,176

215

69

18.3%

5.9%

Financial institution

US

North America

Pioneer Corp

1,164

310

68

26.6%

5.8%

Electronics

JP

Asia

Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corp

1,151

368

252

32.0%

21.9%

Electronics

CN

Asia

Fujikura Ltd

1,148

307

113

26.7%

9.8%

Electronics

JP

Asia

Maxim Integrated Products Inc

1,146

99

36

8.6%

3.1%

Electronics

US

North America

Asahi Glass Company Ltd

1,144

487

91

42.6%

8.0%

Industrial

JP

Asia

NSK Ltd

1,137

210

71

18.5%

6.2%

Industrial

JP

Asia

Electrolux Home Products Inc

1,135

327

83

28.8%

7.3%

Consumer goods

US

North America

Mazda Motor Corp

1,123

350

189

31.2%

16.8%

Automotive

JP

Asia

Solvay SA

1,116

685

164

61.4%

14.7%

Chemicals

BE

Europe

Karsten Manufacturing Corp

1,110

207

98

18.6%

8.8%

Consumer goods

US

North America

The Regents of the University of Michigan

1,107

460

131

41.6%

11.8%

University/research institution

US

North America

The Johns Hopkins University

1,099

770

197

70.1%

17.9%

University/research institution

US

North America

Council of Scientific and Industrial Research

1,097

194

68

17.7%

6.2%

University/research institution

IN

Asia

Joled Inc

1,083

218

63

20.1%

5.8%

Electronics

JP

Asia

Epistar Corp

1,080

226

74

20.9%

6.9%

Electronics

TW

Asia

Silicon Laboratories Inc

1,073

97

41

9.0%

3.8%

Electronics

US

North America

Yokohama Rubber Co Ltd

1,070

417

141

39.0%

13.2%

Industrial

JP

Asia

Total SA

1,060

464

142

43.8%

13.4%

Energy

FR

Europe

TiVo Corporation

1,058

481

146

45.5%

13.8%

Electronics

US

North America

PepsiCo Inc

1,054

153

39

14.5%

3.7%

Consumer goods

US

North America

Bank of Montreal

1,054

129

38

12.2%

3.6%

Financial institution

CA

North America

Cheng Uei Precision Industry Co Ltd

1,054

25

2

2.4%

0.2%

Electronics

TW

Asia

Cirrus Logic Inc

1,034

201

119

19.4%

11.5%

Electronics

US

North America

Showa Denko Kk

1,032

381

83

36.9%

8.0%

Chemicals

JP

Asia

E Ink Corp

1,030

279

88

27.1%

8.5%

Electronics

TW

Asia

Bose Corp

1,030

193

114

18.7%

11.1%

Electronics

US

North America

National Oilwell

1,029

186

66

18.1%

6.4%

Energy

US

North America

Vodafone Holding Gmbh

1,026

206

9

20.1%

0.9%

Telecom

DE

Europe

Keysight Technologies Inc

1,023

102

13

10.0%

1.3%

Electronics

US

North America

Trimble Navigation Ltd

1,020

114

28

11.2%

2.7%

Electronics

US

North America

Saudi Arabian Oil Co

1,013

658

382

65.0%

37.7%

Energy

SA

Middle East

Echostar Corp

1,013

234

58

23.1%

5.7%

Telecom

US

North America

Mattel Inc

1,009

87

13

8.6%

1.3%

Consumer goods

US

North America

Synaptics Inc

1,003

182

81

18.1%

8.1%

Electronics

US

North America


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